There are many kinds of eye injuries that can take place, with varying degrees of severity. Some may necessitate emergency treatment and immediate care by an eye care practitioner, while others can be taken care of at home. Read this guide to typical eye injuries, to determine the next move in case of an accident. Keep in mind that general preventive precautions such as using safety glasses may be the most effective way to keep your eyes safe.
A corneal abrasion (scratched eye) is on the more serious end of the spectrum. It can cause serious harm in a short amount of time and possibly end in vision loss. Abrasions are generally the result of a poke in the eye, or scratching the eye when there is a particle of dust or sand in it. Since a scratch can make your eye susceptible to bacterial infection it's very important that you see your optometrist or an emergency room. The best advice for a corneal abrasion is to keep it loosely closed and to see your optician as soon as possible to make sure it is isn't infected. Rubbing the eye will only make it worse and completely covering the eye can give bacteria a place to grow.
Another possible eye injury is chemical exposure. It is often frightening to be splashed in the eye by a potentially dangerous liquid. It's important to know which substance touched your eye. A chemical's basic composition is the most important factor. While acids can result in considerable redness and burning, they can be washed out fairly quickly. However, alkali chemicals that are bases can be more serious even though they don't appear to be because they don't cause as much immediate eye pain or redness as acids.
While it is sometimes unpleasant to anticipate an eye injury, it's recommended to be prepared with what to do in serious emergencies. By being prepared you can feel confident that you'll know how to handle most common eye injuries. Don't forget, extra safety protections can help you avoid these injuries from the get go so speak to your eye care practitioner about preventative eye care options!