June is Cataract Awareness Month. During this important time, people living with cataracts (and their loved ones) are encouraged to talk about their personal experiences by giving each other helpful information and sharing their knowledge and advice. Use the hashtag #CataractAwarenessMonth on your social media channels to encourage and support others.
Did you know that more than 3.5 million Canadians have cataracts, making it one of the most common – but treatable– eye conditions today. Dr Ellison, Dr Singh and Dr Faria care for cataract patients from all over Waterloo Region with the newest and most effective methods of eye care.
With millions of people living with the condition, it’s now more important than ever to bring awareness to this condition.
What Are Cataracts?
So what exactly are cataracts?
The lens of the eye (located just behind the iris, the coloured part of the eye) is normally clear, which allows you to see things clearly and in sharp detail. Over time, the lens can become cloudy, causing blurry vision. It’s as if you’re looking through a dirty window and can’t really see what’s outside. This clouding of the lens is called a cataract, and it can affect one or both of your eyes.
What Causes Cataracts?
Aging is the most common cause of cataracts, however they are occurring in younger patients all the time. The lens of your eye contains water and proteins. As we age, these proteins can clump together, and when that happens, the normally clear lens becomes cloudy.
But did you know that certain types of major eye surgeries and infections can trigger cataracts? Other issues that can lead to cataracts include congenital birth defects, eye injury, diseases, and even various kinds of medications. If you’re already developing cataracts, wear sunglasses when going outside. UV rays from the sun can make cataracts develop faster.
How Can I Lower My Risk of Cataracts?
Certain risk factors increase your chance of developing cataracts. These typically include:
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Family and medical history
- Medications such as steroids
- UV ray exposure
To lower your risk, consider reducing your alcohol intake, quit smoking, start an exercise program, eat foods rich in vitamin A and C, and wear 100% UV blocking sunglasses.
Common Symptoms of Cataracts
If you have cataracts, you may experience some common symptoms like:
- Blurry vision
- Colours that used to be bright now appear dim (trouble with navy vs black)
- Double vision (ghost images)
- Glare from natural sunlight or from artificial light, like light bulbs and lamps
- Halos around lights
- Night vision problems
- Sensitivity to light
If you or a family member notice any of these signs, talk to our optometrists at Pierce Family Vision right away. The sooner you seek treatment, the faster we can help you get back to clear vision.
Coping With Cataracts
If you’re experiencing vision problems from cataracts, we can help. If you have a mild case, a combination of a different eyeglass prescription and better lighting in your home, office, or other environment can improve your vision. In more advanced cases, your optometrist will likely recommend cataract surgery to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with a clear one.
Do I Need Cataract Surgery?
Cataract surgery is one of the most common procedures today. In fact, the American Academy of Ophthalmology estimates that over 2 million people in the US and Canada undergo the procedure each year.
During the procedure, the ophthalmologist will gently remove the cataract from the eye and replace it with an artificial intraocular lens (known as an IOL). Because it’s a common procedure, cataract surgery is an outpatient procedure done either in the hospital under OHIP or in an ophthalmology clinic if done outside of OHIP. There is no need to stay overnight in a hospital and you can usually resume your normal activities in just a few days.
If your vision can no longer be corrected with glasses alone and the blur from cataracts is affecting your daily tasks, surgery may be an option. Schedule a consultation online or call Pierce Family Vision at 519-886-4170 to book an eye doctor's appointment and together, we’ll determine if cataract surgery is right for you.
During this Cataract Awareness Month, share your stories and successes, and give your loved ones hope for a healthy and high quality of life.